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Thread: 许强:常炒易输

  1. #1
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    Default 许强:常炒易输

    许强:常炒易输

      做外汇或期货交易时,客户一定会向经纪商或银行付出手续费(commission)。就算有些银行或经纪商表面宣称不收取手续费,其实其费用暗含在买价与卖价的价差中。例如欧元报价:0.9200~0.9220,其中0.9220-0.9200=0.0020的20个基本点(pips)就是价差。若银行从国外拿到的价差是10点(在每次买卖中),则他可能赚客户(20-10)2=5个点。而对客户来说,每一套交易买卖完成,就算不赚不赔,也得付出20个基本点的天然价差。说多不多,说少不少;但交易次数太多就不对劲了。

      细算如下:以交易欧元为例,若持有100万欧元,当价格变动时,每一个基本点乃赚赔USD100元。若20个基本点则是USD10020=2000美元。

      以实盘交易来说,假设100万欧元等值于92万美元,可大致做如下算式:9200002000=460。在不赔不赚的情况下,有100万欧元的客户可炒460次,亦即一个月炒38次(46012=38.3),则一年后本金化为乌有。38次的一半是19次,也就是说,减少至一天只做一笔交易,一年下来,资本也要去了一半。这就是我们常说的炒单。频繁地进出汇市,手续费加价差会抽干你的本金。

      小时候见长辈周末常四个人凑在一起打麻将,我老爱问他们四位搭档:打了这么多年,你们四人中,到底谁赢了?

      有一位长辈半开玩笑半认真地告诉我:多年以来我们都有做战绩统计表。目前的结果是四个人都输,是隔壁卖夜宵的老张担担面的老板老张赢了。

      因抽头做夜宵基金的结果,多年下来,大多数人皆输,最赢的一家也没多少进帐。可谓常打易输,只因为抽头的存在。

      投资人该如何做?才能免于掉入常炒易输的陷阱?

      只有一个简单、但在心理上很难自我控制的方法:就是严格控制输赢幅度比率。即是,第一每次赚钱的点数要超过输钱点数的交易做起;例:若赔钱时为 50点斩仓,则赚钱的交易要持有超过50点的获利才出场。第二,要求输赢点数比为1比2。即输1元赚2元。第三,进步到1比3。

      我初入交易室时,是非常勇猛的当日冲销交易员,一天可进出交易达十几甚至20多笔。某一天下班前被老板叫进办公室被教训了好一阵子才明白这个交易的道理。

      做得多做得勤,并不一定会赚钱,要有实绩才行。

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    Default

    我一年才做27张单,还是没赚多少钱

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    Default

    做得多做得勤,并不一定会赚钱,要有实绩才行

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