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Thread: 汇率的标价方式分为两种:直接标价法和间接标价法。

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    Default 汇率的标价方式分为两种:直接标价法和间接标价法。

    (1)直接标价法
    直接标价法,又叫应付标价法,是以一定单位(1、100、1000、10000)的外国货币为标准来计算应付出多少单位本国货币。就相当于计算购买一定单位外币所应付多少本币,所以叫应付标价法。包括中国在内的世界上绝大多数国家目前都采用直接标价法。在国际外汇市场上,日元、瑞士法郎、加元等均为直接标价法,如日元119.05即一美元兑119.05日元。

    在直接标价法下,若一定单位的外币折合的本币数额多于前期,则说明外币币值上升或本币币值下跌,叫做外汇汇率上升;反之,如果要用比原来较少的本币即能兑换到同一数额的外币,这说明外币币值下跌或本币币值上升,叫做外汇汇率下跌,即外币的价值与汇率的涨跌成正比。

    (2)间接标价法
    间接标价法又称应收标价法。它是以一定单位(如1个单位)的本国货币为标准,来计算应收若干单位的外国货币。在国际外汇市场上,欧元、英镑、澳元等均为间接标价法。如欧元0.9705即一欧元兑0.9705美元。

    在间接标价法中,本国货币的数额保持不变,外国货币的数额随着本国货币币值的对比变化而变动。如果一定数额的本币能兑换的外币数额比前期少,这表明外币币值上升,本币币值下降,即外汇汇率上升;反之,如果一定数额的本币能兑换的外币数额比前期多,则说明外币币值下降、本币币值上升,即外汇汇率下跌,即外币的价值和汇率的升跌成反比。

    外汇市场上的报价一般为双向报价,即由报价方同时报出自己的买入价和卖出价,由客户自行决定买卖方向。买入价和卖出价的价差越小,对于投资者来说意味着成本越小。银行间交易的报价点差正常为2-3点,银行(或交易商)向客户的报价点差依各家情况差别较大,目前国外保证金交易的报价点差基本在3-5点,香港在6-8点,国内银行实盘交易在10-40点不等。

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    Default

    汇率下跌,即外币的价值与汇率的涨跌成正比

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