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Thread: 外汇风险的主要表现有哪些

  1. #1
    yushengbin
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    Default 外汇风险的主要表现有哪些

    外汇市场的投资投机者,经常说外汇市场如何如何赚钱。但我们换一个角度看,则把全球汇市的波动起伏视为风险,不论是参加外汇交易的个人还是银行、企业,只要有外汇,就有外汇风险。一般地说,人们将因汇率变动而蒙受的损失以及将丧失所期待的利益的可能性称为外汇风险。通常还将承受外汇风险的外币金额称为受险部分。
      自1973年实行浮动汇率制以来,货币汇率波动频繁,不仅幅度大,而且各种主要货币之间经常出现强弱、地位互相转换的局面。我国在改革开放前,由于一直实行严格的外汇管理,汇率调节机制僵化,且多数涉外企业没有真正成为自负盈亏的主体,所以外汇风险主要由国家来承担。随着我国外汇体制改革的推进,我国进入wto的日益临近,银行、企业已经不能依赖政府的庇护,因此,如何防范外汇风险就成为银行、企业、个人的燃眉之急。
      外汇风险的表现之一是:外汇交易风险。由于进行本国货币与外币的交换才产生外汇风险。以外汇买卖为业务的外汇银行负担的风险主要是外汇风险。银行以外的企业在以外币进行贷款或借款以及伴随外币贷款、借款而进行外汇交易时,也要发生同样的风险。个人买卖外汇同样也存在风险。
      外汇风险的表现之二是:为了将来进行外汇交易而将本国货币与外币进行兑换,由于将来进行交易时所适用的汇率没有确定,因而存在风险。这是一般企业以外币计价进行贸易交易及非贸易交易时产生的风险,因此也称为交易结算风险。
      外汇风险的表现之三是:企业进行会计处理和进行外币债权、债务决算等时候如何以本国货币进行评价的问题。比如在办理决算时,评价债权、债务,因所适用的汇率不同,就会产生账面上损益的差异,因此也称为评价风险或外汇折算风险。
      外汇风险表现之四是:经济风险指企业或个人的未来预期收益因汇率变化而可能受到损失的风险。
      外汇风险的表现之五是:国家风险即政治风险。它是指企业或个人的外汇交易因国家强制力而终止所造成损失的可能性。

  2. #2
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    以后肯定会实行固定汇率,那时什么外汇风险都没有了
    当然也没有外汇保证金了 :)

  3. #3
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    交易本身就是一件有风险的事.

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