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Thread: M3货币供应量解析

  1. #1
    Piplet poliuce's Avatar
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    Wink M3货币供应量解析

    货币供应量(也称货币存量)是指一个经济体中,在某一个时点流通中的货币总量。它主要包括机关团体、企事业单位和城乡居民所拥有的现金和金融机构的存款等各种金融资产。由于许多金融工具具有货币的职能,因此,对于货币存量的定义也有狭义和广义之分。
    如果货币仅指流通中的现金,则称之为m0;狭义的货币m1,是指流通中的现金加银行的活期存款,这里的活期存款仅指企业的活期存款;定义较宽些的货币m2,则是指m1再加上居民储蓄存款和企业定期存款;广义货币供应量m3,是一国货币供应总量。货币供应量是中央银行重要的货币政策操作目标,它的变化也反映了中央银行货币政策的变化,对企业生产经营、金融市场,尤其是证券市场的运行和居民个人的投资行为有重大的影响。当货币供应不足时,市场商品价格下跌,生产减少,投资乏力,经济紧缩;当货币供应过量时,市场商品价格上涨,生产扩大,投资强劲,经济繁荣。当然,上述所言不足或过量,都是有限度的,如果超出了一定限度,那么货币供应量极易成为通货紧缩或通货膨胀的源泉。
    在市场经济条件下,金融的宏观调控作用日益明显。作为行使中央银行职能的中国人民银行,其货币政策的最终目的是保持人民币币值的稳定。为了达到这一目标,人民银行的宏观调控要从总量调控与结构调整并重转向以总量控制为主,所谓控制总量,就是要控制整个银行系统的货币供应量。货币供应量的增长必须与经济增长相适应,以促进国民经济的持续、快速、健康发展。因此,分析某一阶段各个层次的货币供应量是否合理,必须与当时的经济增长幅度相联系,与货币流通速度相联系。通常来讲,衡量货币供应是否均衡的主要标志是物价水平的基本稳定,物价总指数变动较大,则说明货币供求不均衡,反之则说明供求正常。从这个意义上讲,货币供应量是一个与普通百姓有密切关联的经济指数,它的多与少、量与度,影响着国民经济的运行速度,决定百姓手中货币的币值。
    不汇就学海军

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    In Profit cub's Avatar
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    请多发一些交易心态和理论方面的分析文章,共同学习提高。

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