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Thread: 反转k线详解:锤子线与上吊线

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    Default 反转k线详解:锤子线与上吊线

    如何判断反转形态,有条重要原则:首先要确定市场的主要趋势,明白大方向。仅当反转信号所指的方向与市场的主要趋势方向一致时,我们才可以依据这个反转信号来开立新的头寸。比如,假定牛市的发展过程中,出现了一个顶部反转形态,虽然是个看跌信号,但做空的把握并不大,因为市场主趋势依然是上升的;如果当前主要趋势是下降趋势,这时出现顶部反转形态,做空的把握就很大了。

      下面我们介绍反转形态的k线类型:锤子线和上吊线。

      这类反转蜡烛线,既可看涨,也可看跌。若出现在下降趋势中,代表下降趋势即将结束的信号,称为锤子线,意思是市场正在用锤子夯砸底部;它出现在上涨行情中,代表市场上冲运动也许已经结束,称为上吊线,其形态也如绞刑架上上吊的死人,预示市场不可盲目乐观。

      形态特征:

      1、实体部分最高价及收市价均在烛体顶部,开市价在最高价之下不远的地方,下影线明显过长,实体颜色(红、绿)无所谓。

      2、锤子线和上吊线,应该没有上影线,但也允许有,必须非常短,一般认为下影线应是实体的24倍。

      3、二者,下影线越长、上影线越短、实体越小,这类蜡烛线越有效。

      形态原理:

      锤子线:市场在做空一段时间后,价格不断下跌,卖方力量逐步消耗,而买方力量慢慢积聚,在某一交易日,价格大幅下跌,但底部此时以明显呈现极强的吸纳愿望,有买家大力将价格上推,一直达到当天最高收市或是接近最高收市价位收市。锤子线,一般处于下跌势中,表明市场可能见底,如果当天收市价高于开市价(红色锤子线),对于买方更是利好标志。

      上吊线:市场在屡屡做多后,买卖双方力量达到平衡,在一个交易日内,多方努力将价格上推,创出当天新高后,并无心维持高位,价格大幅下跌,卖方力量势不可挡,多日来卖方被压制的能量瞬间释放,价格大力下挫,但当天收市价仍处于较高位置,接近最高价,形成实体部分相当小。上吊线,一般处于上扬市中,表明市场可能见顶,阴线比阳线效果更好。

      交易策略:

      1、 首先应判断其是否可靠,是否为反转形态。可以根据上面的形态特征加以分析,还需要观看第2天走势是否配合反转,不可盲目建重仓进场,可以当日建轻仓(比如1/10仓或更小等)试探,注意设好止损位。

      2、 上吊线看跌信号的确立,还应谨慎看其是在市场顶部,还是中继指标。如果上吊线的实体与次日的开市价之间向下的缺口越大,那么构成市场顶部的可能就越大。

      3、 形成顶与底后,其后市有可能出现反抽,即价格再度试探锤子线底部,只要不破最低位,锤子线见底形态依然有效。

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    Default

    锤子线在长线上经常看不见到,后势要反走可能

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