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Thread: 京沪发放特许货币兑换牌照 不会成热钱出逃通道

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    Default 京沪发放特许货币兑换牌照 不会成热钱出逃通道

    国家外汇管理局日前批准京、沪两地试点个人本外币兑换特许业务。而作为首批列入该试点的上海浦东新区,昨天已有货币兑换公司宣告开业。对此,有人担心,银行垄断外汇兑换业务的局面一旦被打破,是否不利于外汇流进流出的监管,给热钱出逃提供了便利的通道。

    并非放开外汇进出管制

    银行资深专家在接受晨报记者采访时表示,这种担心是多余的,试点的推行不会便利未来可能出现的热钱外逃。

    最近,由于国内经济下行风险凸显,加之一系列外汇数据的公布,市场上有关热钱外逃的猜测之声骤起,而此次试点的推行,又涉及到外汇跨境流动的敏感话题。这位资深专家表示,此次试点的推行并非是放开对外汇进出的管制,因为试点的相关规定明确提出,个人本外币兑换业务必须通过登录国家外汇管理局个人结售汇管理信息系统方可办理,外汇局对此实行全过程的监管。而且,试点办法对办理境内个人结售汇业务和境外个人结汇业务均有数额上的限制。

    兑换公司有望扎堆出现

    在谈到此次试点的意义时,国家外汇管理局上海市分局负责人表示,本次试点明确了允许办理个人本外币兑换特许业务的境内机构为非金融类的商业性机构。这意味着非银行资本首次获准在试点区域内涉足经营货币兑换业务,而国际流行的货币兑换公司(门店)将有望在浦东扎堆出现。

    长期以来,我国个人本外币兑换业务主要由银行承担,而银行由于网点数量、经营时间等因素的限制,难以充分满足日益增长的货币兑换需求,这个问题在涉外交往和人员跨境流动频繁、个人本外币兑换业务量大的上海、北京等地区表现尤为突出。

    此次试行办理个人本外币兑换特许业务,有利于发挥专营机构营业时间长(不局限于固定营业时间)、兑换币种多样、经营机制灵活、专业化服务等优势,同银行的本外币兑换业务形成互补。

    外汇局上海分局的负责人还表示,此次浦东试点也为2010年世博会提供高效便利的货币兑换服务做好相关准备。他还介绍,此次试点的个人本外币兑换特许业务,包括现钞兑换和旅行支票兑换。

    来自:新闻晨报

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    Default

    是外汇换成人民币不受限制吗

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