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Thread: 基本面解读经常帐

  1. #1
    Elder Analyst
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    Default 基本面解读经常帐

    贸易经常帐(Current Account)为一国收支表上的主要项目,内容记载一个国家与外国包括因为商品、劳务进出口、投资所得、其它商品与劳务所得以及其他因素所产生的资金流出与流入的状况。

    如果其余额是正数﹙顺差﹚,表示本国的净国外财富或净国外投资增加。如果是负数﹙逆差﹚,表示本国的净国外财富或投资减少。

    经常帐的内容大致包括五大项:

    1 商品,为一国货物的进口及出口。

    2 劳务,包括商品进出口有关的运输及保险费、旅客运费及港口费用及本国居民在国外旅行、 观光及外国人到本国旅行、观光等的收支。

    3 投资所得,指国民购买外国的股票、债券及其它资产所赚取的股利或利息,加上本国对外 借款或外国人来本国投资,所产生的利息支出与红利支出等。

    4 其它商品、劳务及所得,指前面没有被列入的各项居民与非居民有关劳务与所得的交易 ,使领馆的支出,以及居民在外国工作获得的报酬,外国政府或国际组织设在 本国各种机构的费用等。一般所谓的贸易余额是指前面所提四项的总和。

    5 片面转移,指现金或实物的捐赠、救济、一国的对外援助及对国际机构经费的分摊。

    通常来讲,一国经常帐逆差扩大,该国币值将贬值,顺差扩大,该国货币将升值。

    在西方国家,通常每月或每季都会公布经常帐数据,但一个月的贸易数据对市场的参考作用并不大,每个季度经过调整的经常帐才较为重要。

    在7、80年代,经常帐赤字曾经对外汇市场有着较大的影响,目前这种影响力已经有所消退,但对于美国,经常帐赤字仍然对美元有着较大的影响力。

  2. #2
    Elder Analyst
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    Default

    再学习一次

  3. #3
    Intraday Master
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    Default

    欢迎多多贴些这种专业知识的文章。受益多多!

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