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Thread: 美元指数的由来与构成

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    Default 美元指数的由来与构成

    在初涉外汇市场时,交易者经常会用到一种衡量各种货币强弱的指标,那就是美元指数(US Dollar Index&reg,即USDX)。而什么是美元指数呢?它类似于显示美国股票综合状态的道琼斯工业平均数(Dow Jones Industrial Average),美元指数显示的是美元的综合值。

      USDX是参照1973年3月份6种货币对美元汇率变化的几何平均加权值来计算的,并以100.00点为基准来衡量其价值,如105.50点的报价,是指从1973年3月份以来其价值上升了5.50%。

      1973年3月份被选作参照点,是因为当时是外汇市场转折的历史性时刻,从那时起主要的贸易国容许本国货币自由地与另一国货币进行浮动报价。该协定是在华盛顿的史密斯索尼安学院达成的,象征着自由贸易理论家的胜利。史密斯索尼安协议代替了1948年在新汉普郡布雷顿森林达成的并不成功的固定汇率体制。

      USDX是综合反映美元在国际外汇市场的汇率情况的指标,用来衡量美元对一揽子货币的汇率变化程度。它通过计算美元和对选定的一揽子货币的综合变化率,来衡量美元的强弱程度,从而间接反映美国的出口竞争能力和进口成本的变动情况。如果USDX下跌,说明美元对其他的主要货币贬值。USDX是每周7天,每天24小时被连续计算。

      USDX期货的计算原则是以全球各主要国家与美国之间的贸易结算量为基础,以加权的方式计算出美元的整体强弱程度,并以100点为强弱分界线。在1999年1月1日欧元推出后,这个期货合约的标的物进行了调整,从10个国家减少为6个国家,欧元也一跃成为了最重要、权重最大的货币,其所占权重达到57.6%,因此,欧元的波动对USDX的强弱影响最大。

      到目前为止,USDX曾最高至165点,最低也曾跌至80点以下。该变化特性被广泛地在数量和变化率上同期货股票指数作比较。

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    Default

    衡量各种货币强弱的指标

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