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Thread: 均线的设置和使用技巧

  1. #1
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    Default 均线的设置和使用技巧

    均线的设置和使用技巧

      均线是最常用的分析指标之一,所反映的是过去一段时间内市场的平均成本变化情况。均线和多根均线形成的均线系统可以为判断市场趋势提供依据,同时也能起到支撑和阻力的作用。

      一、均线的构成

      均线,按照计算方式的不同,常见地可分为普通均线、指数均线、平滑均线和加权均线。这里主要介绍普通均线和指数均线。

      普通均线:对过去某个时间段的收盘价进行普通平均。比如20日均线,是将过去20个交易日的收盘价相加然后除以20,就得到一个值;再以昨日向前倒推20个交易日,同样的方法计算出另外一个值,以此类推,将这些值连接起来,就形成一个普通均线。

      指数均线:形成方式和普通均线完全一致,但在计算均线值的时候,计算方式不一样。比如20日均线,指数均线则采取指数加权平均的方法,越接近当天,所占的比重更大,而不是像普通均线中那样平均分配比重。所以指数均线大多数情况下能够更快地反映出最新的变化。

      二者的优劣:没有绝对的优劣,在不同的运行阶段,二者可以体现出不同的效果,选取时的经验成分相对更大。个人更习惯于使用指数均线,用多根指数均线的结合来辅助判断市场趋势。

      下图是欧元/美元日线图上所体现的两种不同均线的效果,这里的均线参数设置都是20,其中红色均线为普通20日均线,蓝色均线为20日指数均线。从图片中可以看出,大多数情况下指数均线的拐头速度都相对早于普通均线,能相对更快地跟上市场的趋势。

      说明:一般而言,均线的计算价格用收盘价,但也可根据需求的不同使用最低价、最高价或者开盘价。

      二、均线系统的设置

      如果将多根有规律的均线排列在一起,这是就可以形成一个对分析更有帮助的均线系统。

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    Default

    技术上最主要就是看均线

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