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Thread: 外汇风险管理一般有哪些办法?

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    Default 外汇风险管理一般有哪些办法?

    外汇风险管理的主要办法有:

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    (1)采用货币保值措施。买卖双方在交易谈判时,经协商,在交易合同中订立适当的保值条款,以防止汇率变化的风险。货币保值措施主要有黄金保值条款、硬货币保值条款和一篮子货币保值条款。

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    (2)选择有利的计价货币。应遵从以下原则:第一,在实行单一货币计价的情况下,付款使用软货币,收款使用硬货币。软货币就是趋于贬值或贬值压力较大的货币。硬货币就是趋于升值或币值稳定的货币。第二,在进出口贸易中,以多种货币作为计价结算货币,使各种货币的汇率变动风险互相抵消。第三,在贸易实务中,通过协商、谈判等方式尽可能地用本币进行支付,即出口商获得本币资金,进口商用本币支付货款。

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    (3)提前或延期结汇。在国际收支中,企业通过预测支付货币汇率的变动趋势,提前或延迟收付外汇款项,来达到抵补外汇风险的目的。

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    (4)进、出口贸易相结合。一是对销贸易法,把进口贸易与出口贸易联系起来进行货物交换。二是自动抛补法,在某进出口商进行出口贸易的同时,又进行进口贸易,并尽量用同种货币计价结算,设法调整收、付汇的时间,使进口外汇头寸轧抵出口外汇的头寸,以实行外汇风险的自动抛补。

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    (5)利用外汇衍生产品工具。如签订远期外汇交易合同,即进出口企业在合同签订后,把用外汇计价结算的应付或应收款同银行叙做远期买进或卖出外汇货款的合同,通过锁定汇率波动来消除外汇风险。

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    这个说起来容易,做起来确实不易,面对诱人的利润,很多人还想获得更多

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