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Thread: 了解保证金

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    Default 了解保证金

    保证金是利用杠杆比率,提高购买力的方法。如果您有 2,000 美元现金在一个保证金帐户中,并允许 100:1 的杠杆率,您可以买到最高价值 200,000 美元的外汇,因为您仅需在您的帐户显示购买价格的 1% 作为担保,换句话说,您拥有购买 0,000 的购买能力。

    保证金的益处

    保证金使您用更少的现金投入,来增加投资回报。需要注意的事,保证金交易既能扩大您的盈利,也同样能扩大您的亏损。

    以下是一个例子, 演示保证金交易的益处:


    在一个有美元 5,000 余额的保证金帐户里,您判断美元升值,瑞士法郎贬值。

    实现此策略,您必须买入美元 ( 同时卖出法郎 ),并等待汇率上升。

    目前美元 / 瑞士法郎的买 / 卖汇价是 1.6322/1.6327,( 意味着您可以用 1.6327 瑞士法郎来买入 1 美金,或卖掉 ,可得 1.6322 瑞士法郎 )

    您可行的杠杆率是 100:1 或 1%,您执行此交易,买一张单,买入 100,000 美元并卖出 163,270 瑞士法郎。

    在 100:1 的杠杆下,为了此交易,您的初始保证金存入时 00,现在您的帐户余额是 00 。

    如您期待,usd/chf 升至 1.6435/40 。您现在以 1.6435 价位兑换掉 1 美金或用 1.6440 瑞士法郎买入 1 美金。由于您看涨美金 ( 看跌法郎 ),您必须卖掉美元及买回法郎以实现盈利。

    您结清此头寸,卖掉一张单 ( 卖掉 0,000 并换回 164,350 Chf) 由于您原本卖 ( 付 )163,270 Chf,您的盈利是 1080 Chf 。

    要计算以美元为单位的您的盈利或亏损,只要简单地把 1080 除以当前 Usd/chf 价格 1.6435,您的盈利在此交易为 7.13 。
    总结

    初始投资: 00
    盈利: 7.13
    投资回报率: 65.7%

    如果您没有使用杠杆来执行此交易,您的投资回报率将少于 1% 。






    保证金制度能够增加您的盈利,但是,您也需要了解其带来的风险:

    当您的帐户保证金跌落到一定点(强制平仓点),您帐户上的头寸可能部分或全部清算。
    您的头寸被清算之前您不会收到保证金追加通知。
    您应当检查您的保证金余额,以达到规定基准,在每次执行头寸时利用止损单以限制下跌风险。

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    Default

    需要了解其带来的风险

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    Default

    是的,保证金使您用更少的现金投入,来增加投资回报

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