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Thread: 外汇交易中亏损的心理成因

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    Default 外汇交易中亏损的心理成因

    外汇市场上的操作,非赢即输,操作判断的正确率和失败率各占50%,而再加上人的各种心理因素影响,方向判断的成功率更低,这是一个客观的现实。许多投资者在想赢怕输的心理影响下,赢时赢得少,输时输得多。问题产生的关键在于错误操作心理和方式,概括起来有以下因素:

    第一,赢时惶然,输时放任。有些投资者在方向判断正确,赢利的时候,反而心里惶然,担心市场方向会逆转,结果往往在大势展开之前,急急忙忙地获利离场,事后才惋惜:原来自己才赚了个零头;而在方向判断错误,亏损的时候则心慌意乱,不知所措,在等等看心理的影响下,任由市场发展,结果越陷越深,无法自拔。

    而成功的投资者往往是,把握市场大的趋势,并在关键性位置上留下止损,在赢的时候顺势而上,在输的时候及时离场,尽量地延长赢利的幅度,而把损失控制在自己计划的范围内。

    第二,人云亦云,盲目跟风。曾经调查过银行炒汇的投资者入市的依据是什么?结果令人惊讶,超过50%以上的投资者回答是因为大家都这么说。投资者未进行具体分析,思想上既无法把握,操作上也未作出任何准备工作,看见许多人在买入或卖出,便跟随入市,结果往往是钱没有赚到,陪着亏钱倒是常事,然后再安慰自己不止我一个,很多人也亏了。外汇投资不同于商品买卖,一百个人中,八十个人说好,那就是一个好的商品,但一百个人中,即使有九十九个人共同买入一个币种,也可能全是输家。人的多少不是问题,关键在于能否赢利。

    第三,最高价买入,最低价卖出。有些投资者想买入某个币种,但在某个趋势未结束以前,却左思右想、犹豫不决,等到趋势大幅反转,汇价被大幅抬升或者大幅打压,便急急忙忙赶着追市,往往买入的是当时的最高价,卖出的是当时的最低价。而有另外的一些投资者,经过分析和计划,想等到某个价位进行操作,但好不容易等到价位到达,却不敢按原计划买入(卖出),担心方向错误。结果价格短暂徘徊之后大幅上升(下降),反而急忙修改计划入市,不但错过了一个良好的入市时机,而且由于匆忙入市,往往导致亏损。

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    Default

    外汇市场是这样一个市场:一大群智力相当的人,面对大致相同的市场资料,使用大致相同的分析预测手法,遵循众所公认的交易规则,进行一场零和游戏。其结果是既有少数高手从几千、几万元起家,累计了数千万乃至数亿元的财富,亦有芸芸大众始终小赚大赔,直至血本殆尽犹不知自己究竟失败在哪里。

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