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Thread: 外汇常用术语

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    Default 外汇常用术语

    1、点:表示汇率的最小移动单位.根据市场环境,正常情况下一个基点(欧元/美元、美元/瑞士法郎货币对中为 0.0001,而在美元/日元货币对中为0.01 )

    2、点差:买卖价格之间的差值;用于衡量市场流动性.在正常情况下,点差越小,流动性越高.比如:1.3460-1.3450=10点(pts).

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    3、保证金:保证合同的履行和交易损失时的担保,相当于交易额的2.5~5%,客户平仓后退还,如有亏损,从保证金中扣除.

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    4、合约单位:是指每交易一手的最小货币份额. 我们提供交易者多种合约单位的选择,允许您根据自己的喜好与实际情况选择适合的合约大小.

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    5、杠杆比例:决定需要支付的保证金的金额.如选择100:1,那么只要1/100的交易金额来做保证金.

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    6、卖出(买入)价:在一外汇交易合同或交叉货币交易合同中一指定货币的卖出价格.以此价格, 交易者可以买进基础货币.在报价中,它通常为报价的右部价格.例: Usd/chf 1.4527/32,卖出价为1.4532,意为您可以1.4532 瑞士法郎买入1 美元.

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    、对冲:也称为锁单,是指在不关闭原单的同时,另开反方向的单子,它通常用在市场不明朗时,通过反向操作来锁住既得利益同时规避可能的风险.

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    8、隔夜利息:当一笔交易被推到下个交割日, 就出现延期的情况.任何一个外汇持仓延期会产生对冲或是抛补的价差, 而这个价差则由银行间隔夜拆款的利率决定. 如果投资人手上有利率比较高的货币, 则外汇部位在延展时, 投资人可以获得货币利率上的价差

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    9、快速波动市场:即时外汇交易市场经常有价格幅度大起大落的现象. 此现象被称为“快速市场波动". 产生的可能性有种种, 包括经济数据报告, 买卖不平衡现象等等.在快速市场波动速度极快的情况下, 报价会产生“间隔"并且点差变大. 价格间隔的产生是由于最后的价格快速上升或回落而得到一个新的价格, 之间没有其他价格.例如, 欧元/美元从1.1891/1.1894迅速上升到1.1941/1.1944, 而之间并没出现其他价格.

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    10、交易部位、头寸:是一种市场约定,承诺买卖外汇合约的最初部位,买进外汇合约者是多头,处于盼涨部位;卖出外汇合约为空头,处于盼跌部位.

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    11、空头、卖空、作空:交易预期未来外汇市场的价格将下跌,即按目前市场价格卖出一定数量的货币或期权合约,等价格下跌后再补进以了结头寸,从而获取高价卖出、低价买进的差额利润,这种方式属于先卖后买的交易方式.(保证金适用)

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    12、多头、买入、作多:交易者预期未来外汇市场价格将上涨,以目前的价格买进一定数量的货币,待一段时汇率上涨后,以较高价格对冲所持合约部位,从而赚取利润.这种方式属于先买后卖交易方式,正好与空头相反.

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    13、平仓、对冲:通过卖出(买进)相同的货币来了结先前所买进(卖出) 的货币.

    14、关单价位:外汇的交易已不再存在.一关单过程为卖出或买进一货币来抵消同等数量的现有交易.此为持平帐目.

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    15、揸:买入(源自粤语)

    16、沽:卖出(源自粤语

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    17、爆仓(Margin Call):简称为MC,当可用保证金为0时,就会遇到MC,所有持有仓位会强制平仓.

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    还有(扎)就是买的意思。(沽)就是卖出的意思。

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